Schôffer, Nicolas

(1912-1992)
   sculptor
   Considered the founder of cybernetic art and one of the more important artists of the second half of the 20th century, Nicolas Schoffer, who was also a painter, architect, and art theorist, was born in Kalocsa, Hungary. He came to France after the war and, in 1948, created "spatio-dynamic" sculpture, made from geometric metal frameworks comprised of small pieces. Later mobile sculptures were done with sound-and-light effects (Cysp I, 1956). With their "lumino-dynamism" (Lux I, 1957), Schoffer's sculptures, because of their reflectors and other optic aspects, produce the effect of mobile luminosity. His Reliefs anamorphoses (1961) create anamorphoses by movement of elements in plexiglass, and his Mer-lumière (1962) and Telelumino-scope produce abstract forms using the power of light-sensitive cells.

France. A reference guide from Renaissance to the Present . 1884.

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  • Schöffer, Nicolas — ▪ French sculptor born September 6, 1912, Kalocsa, Austria Hungary [now in Hungary] died January 8, 1992, Paris, France       Hungarian born French artist best known for his sculptures employing mechanical movement, light, and sound.… …   Universalium

  • Schöffer, Nicolas — ► (1912 92) Escultor francés. En 1948 ideó el espaciodinamismo, escultura de carácter móvil. Más tarde, añadió a sus esculturas el elemento luminoso. Este dinamismo lumínico ha tenido aplicaciones en el teatro y en la coreografía …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Nicolas Schöffer — (Hungarian: Schöffer Miklós; September 6, 1912 January 8, 1992) was a Hungarian born French artist. He can be considered as the father of cybernetic art. He was born in Kalocsa, Hungary and resided in Paris from 1936 till his death in his… …   Wikipedia

  • Nicolas Schöffer — (Schöffer Miklós), né le 6 septembre 1912 à Kalocsa en Hongrie, et mort le 8 janvier 1992 à Paris, est un sculpteur et plasticien français d origine hongroise. Il est l un des principaux acteurs de l art cinétique, mais… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Schöffer — Schöffer, Nicolas Schöffer, Peter …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Nicolas Schoeffer — Kronos 15 – Stadthaus (Bonn) Besetzungszettel der Uraufführung von „Kyldex I“ 1973 Nicolas Schöffer (* 6. Septembe …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Nicolas Schoffer — Nicolas Schöffer Cet article fait partie de la série Art contemporain Artistes …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Schöffer — Nicolas Schöffer Cet article fait partie de la série Art contemporain Artistes …   Wikipédia en Français

  • SCHÖFFER (N.) — Nicolas SCHÖFFER 1912 1992 Reconnu (il était membre de l’Académie des beaux arts) mais mal connu, Nicolas Schöffer fut avant tout un créateur d’idées. Né à Kalocsa, en Hongrie, le 6 septembre 1912, il passa un doctorat de droit, tout en suivant… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Schöffer — ist der Name folgender Personen: Nicolas Schöffer (1912–1992), Vater der kybernetischen Kunst Peter Schöffer (1425–1503), erster Buchhändler und Verleger im Zeitalter des Buchdrucks Peter Schöffer der Jüngere (1475–1547), deutscher Buchdrucker… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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